Anastrophe (uh-NASS-troh-fee) [scheme] – Rearrangement of the parts of a sentence or phrase that changes the proper or accepted word order.
Think of anastrophe as the Yoda Figure:
“Powerful you have become, the dark side I sense in you.”
How boring would Yoda be if he talked like the rest of us?
“You have become powerful; I sense the dark side in you.”
The typical arrangement of an English sentence is subject –> verb –> object: Yoda eats hot dogs.
But apply the Yoda Figure and you end up with object –> subject –> verb: Hot dogs Yoda eats.
When using anastrophe arrange the sentence any way you want! Limited you are not by Yoda’s preferences. But make sure it’s still intelligible to your audience, unlike: Eats hot dogs Yoda. In this case verb –> object –> subject doesn’t really work unless you add a helping verb: Eats hot dogs Yoda does.
When to Use Anastrophe
The most common use of anastrophe would be in a rhetorical situation that calls for humor, especially levity:
A slick coif and white teeth do not a president make, Mr. Romney.
The “X does not a Y make” is a very common form of anastrophe. But, again, please experiment! You never know what creative arrangement will work best:
Does a president not have an obligation, Mr. Obama, to have never eaten a puppy?
Heard any great examples of anastrophe? Share them in the comment section below. Happy persuading!
[Figure Friday is a weekly series wherein I’ll take a look at a new figure of speech and show you how to use it to your rhetorical advantage. And I’ll feature a new “Stick Figure of Speech.”]